For by the water ye keep the commandment; by the Spirit ye are justified, and by the blood ye are sanctified; Moses 6:60
And Aaron shall bear the names of the children of Israel in the breastplate of judgment upon his heart, when he goeth in unto the holy place, for a memorial before the Lord continually.
And thou shalt put in the breastplate of judgment the Urim and the Thummim; and they shall be upon Aaron’s heart, when he goeth in before the Lord: and Aaron shall bear the judgment of the children of Israel upon his heart before the Lord continually. Exodus 28:29-30
The urim and thummim are stones used for the purpose of revealing God’s truths and will. In Hebrew urim is a plural term meaning lights and thummim is a plural term meaning perfections. Lights, or revelation, shine forth from God, enlightening man with glorious truth, and the ultimate purpose of the urim and thummim is to perfect man in truth through the knowledge of God. Regarding the pursuit and reception of the knowledge of God Peter writes the following:
Grace and peace be multiplied unto you through the knowledge of God, and of Jesus our Lord,
According as his divine power hath given unto us all things that pertain unto life and godliness, through the knowledge of him that hath called us to glory and virtue:
Whereby are given unto us exceeding great and precious promises: that by these ye might be partakers of the divine nature, having escaped the corruption that is in the world through lust.
And beside this, giving all diligence, add to your faith virtue; and to virtue knowledge;
And to knowledge temperance; and to temperance patience; and to patience godliness;
And to godliness brotherly kindness; and to brotherly kindness charity.
For if these things be in you, and abound, they make you that ye shall neither be barren nor unfruitful in the knowledge of our Lord Jesus Christ. 2 Peter 1:2-8
The Greek word translated as knowledge in verses five and six is gnosis, as in agnostic, which means without knowledge. This gnosis is knowledge in a beginning stage, and the word translated as knowledge in verse eight as well as in verses two and three has a fuller, richer meaning with the addition of a prefix. It is epignosis, or precise and correct knowledge, in this case thorough and complete knowledge of God’s character and being. This experiential knowledge is inextricable from the knower’s character, identity, and existence—knowledge which is essential to being one with Christ, and which may only be obtained through faith and grace in an experiential, refining process.
The Hebrew words written in yellow, red, and blue above are urim and thummim. It is meaningful to me that the first letter of each word written in red (Hebrew is written from right to left) form the word read vertically that is translated as signs as contained in the creation account in Genesis 1:14. The first letter is the first letter in the Hebrew alphabet, the last letter is the last letter in the Hebrew alphabet, and the middle letter is one that as a one letter word means and. Thus, this word literally means the beginning and the end, Alpha and Omega, or Christ. Signs are one of the four purposes of light given in the creation account, pointing to Christ as the source of light, and this Hebrew word can also mean token, ensign, standard, miracle, and proof, and is linked to a root verb meaning to agree or consent, indicating a covenant or binding relationship.
The colors in which I have written these words are representative to me as follows: The urim are lights, or revelation, from heaven (in yellow), continually sent down from God moving upon the face of the waters (in blue). These waters are representative of God’s imperfect, transitioning creations requiring salvation to be perfected, which is the meaning of the word thummim (perfections), coming from a root verb meaning to complete or to be consumed, as in a burnt offering, the smoke of which ascends to heaven physically as man spiritually sends up his thanks, remembrance, and faith in worship as represented by the blue arrow. All this is made possible and all of creation bound to God through faith in the sacrifice and grace of Jesus Christ, represented in the word for signs (in red).
This pattern and cycle is one more way of looking at the universal temple pattern and is identical in purpose and structure to the Sabbath, the purpose of which is to bring us closer to God through the cycle of revelation from God to man and of faith from man to God.
And that thou mayest more fully keep thyself unspotted from the world, thou shalt go to the house of prayer and offer up thy sacraments upon my holy day;
For verily this is a day appointed unto you to rest from your labors, and to pay thy devotions unto the Most High;
Nevertheless thy vows shall be offered up in righteousness on all days and at all times;
But remember that on this, the Lord’s day, thou shalt offer thine oblations and thy sacraments unto the Most High, confessing thy sins unto thy brethren, and before the Lord.
And on this day thou shalt do none other thing, only let thy food be prepared with singleness of heart that thy fasting may be perfect, or, in other words, that thy joy may be full. D&C 59:9-13